One way to differentiate between characters and to get a better understanding about who they are is through dialect. We can learn a lot about a person based on their accent, grammar, and choice of words.
You don’t have to ask a person if they are from the North or South-just listen to how they speak and note their word choices. While that is one of the most obvious examples for me, you can also distinguish education level, social status, race and ethnicity from the way a person speaks.
One thing you want to avoid is coming across offensive or stereotypical(racist). Look at your word choice or variation of syntax as tools to differentiate your characters and suggest their ethnicity.
Use slang, nonstandard syntax, or grammar to suggest race, social class, education i.e. gonna vs. going to, kinda vs kind of, holler vs hollow, don’t matta vs It doesn’t matter. If you have a character from abroad throw in some regional slang ( Scottish say-aye for yes and bairns for children).
The next time you read a book take a close look at your characters and their dialect. You will learn a lot and the fact that you didn’t even think about it while reading the novel is a plus for the author. It was seamlessly woven into the story.
Creating a characters speech pattern is less about reproducing dialect and more about knowing your character. If your character is……
- terse – short burst of speech
- angry – speaks through clinched teeth
- nervous – stammers or rambles
- domineering – silent and threatening or rages
If you’re writing science fiction you can develop you own language and your own rules. There is no limits. Just be consistent.
Hope this gives you something to think about when writing dialogue. Remember to differentiate through dialect and the dialect should match your characters position in society. Also remember to be consistent with speech patterns, unless an evolution in speech pattern is an integral part of the story (Flowers for Algernon, My fair lady).
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